Insects Feeding
on this Plant:


Triticum aestivum
(Wheat) [Poaceae]
(Observations are from Vaurie, Hottes & Frison, Clark et al., Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta., Rider, Lattin, Covell, Needham et al., Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Smith, Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Watson, Vickery & Kevan, Brust et al., Pepper, Robinson & Bradley, Spencer & Steyskal, Majka et al.)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Chaetocnema denticulata Clk2004, Diabrotica barberi [larvae feed on roots] Clk2004, Myochrous denticollis Clk2004, Oulema melanopus Clk2004; Curculionidae: Sphenophorus callosus (Southern Corn Billbug) Vau1983, Sphenophorus destructor (Destructive Billbug) Vau1983, Sphenophorus minimus (Little Billbug) Vau1983, Sphenophorus parvulus (Bluegrass Billbug) Vau1983, Sphenophorus venatus venatus (Hunting Billbug) [this insect is found in SE Canada, NE USA, & Minnesota] Vau1983 MAM2007, Trigonorhinus sticticus [this insect is associated with smut fungi on various grasses; it is widely distributed] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Agromyza albipennis [larvae are leaf-miners; found in Illinois, Iowa, Ohio, New York, & Massachusetts] SS1986, Cerodontha dorsalis (Grass Sheath Miner) [larvae are leaf-miners, pupating in sheaths; widespread] SS1986, Cerodontha incisa [larvae are leaf-miners; widespread in northern half of USA, also in Canada] SS1986, Cerodontha superciliosa [larvae are leaf-miners; widespread in northern half of USA] Ndm1928 SS1986; Cecidomyiidae: Bremia fitchii [larvae feed on seedheads] Flt1917, Hyperdiplosis tritici [larvae feed on seedheads] Flt1917, Lestodiplosis caliptera [larvae infest wheat heads] AOS1905, Mayetiola destructor (Hessian Fly) [larvae are found between the culm and sheaths of lower leaves] AOS1905 Flt1917, Sitodiplosis mosellana (Wheat Blossum Midge) [larvae infest wheat heads] AOS1905 Flt1917; Chloropidae: Chlorops proximus [larvae are found underneath leaf sheaths] Flt1917, Rhopalopterum carbonaria (Wheat Stem Maggot) [larvae are found in uppermost nodes of stems] Flt1917

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Trigonotylus ruficornis [found in meadows] Wat1928; Pentatomidae: Euschistus servus Rid2009, Euschistus variolarius Rid2009, Homaemus bijugis Lat1964, Oebalus pugnax pugnax Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Hysteroneura setariae (Rusty Plum Aphid) RB1965, Metopolophium dirhodum (Rose-Grass Aphid) [found on roses as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to the leaves of various grasses, and some sedges & rushes] BE2013 RB1965, Myzocallis discolor [possible misidentification of aphid species]
HF1931, Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae (Apple-Grass Aphid) [syn. Rhopalosiphum insertum] Pp1965, Rhopalosiphum padi (Bird Cherry & Oat Aphid) [found on leaf undersides of Bird Cherry & Chokecherry, and rolling them; migrating during the summer to various grasses & irises; this aphid is widely distributed in North America, including Illinois] HF1931 BE2013 RB1965, Schizaphis graminum (Green Bug) HF1931 Pp1965 RB1965, Sipha elegans RB1965, Sipha flava (Yellow Sugar Cane Aphid [syn. Sipha flavus] HF1931, Sitobion avenae (English Grain Aphid) [found on grasses & various other plants; this aphid is widely distributed in North America, including Illinois; syn. Macrosiphum avenae] HF1931 Pp1965 RB1965

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Cephidae: Cephus cinctus (Grass-Stem Sawfly) [larvae bore through stems] Flt1917, Cephus pygmaeus (European Wheat-Stem Sawfly) [larvae bore through stems, introduced into North America from abroad] Flt1917 Sm2006, Trachelus tabidus (Black Grain-Stem Sawfly) [introduced into North America from abroad] Sm2006; Eurytomidae: Tetramesa grandis (Wheat Strawworm) Flt1917, Tetramesa vaginicolum (Wheat Sheath Jointworm) Flt1917, Tetramesa websteri  (Wheat Jointworm) Flt1917; Tenthredinidae: Dolerus sericeus [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Pachynematus extensicornis (Grass Sawfly) [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Noctuidae: Achatodes zeae (Elder Shoot Borer Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Apamea finitima (Bordered Apamea) [found north of IL] Cv2005, Faronta diffusa (Wheathead Armyworm) Cv2005

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Camnula pellucida (Clear-Winged Grasshopper) [this grasshopper is found in fields & along roadsides] Wy1994 VK1985, Dissosteira carolina (Carolina Grasshopper) Wy1994, Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper) [this grasshopper is found in weedy areas, roadsides, abandoned fields, edges of fields, & gardens] BHW2008, Melanoplus femurrubrum (Red-Legged Grasshopper) Wy1994, Melanoplus sanguinipes (Migratory Grasshopper) [a preferred host plant; this grasshopper is found in open areas, woodland openings, & roadsides] Wy1994 BHW2008