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Insects Feeding
on this Plant
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Trifolium pratense
(Red Clover) [Fabaceae]
(Observations are from Funkhouser, Marshall, Milne & Milne, Rider, Hottes & Frison, Dennis, Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta., Clark et al., Covell, Cranshaw, Needham et al., Schaefer, Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Gangwere, Brust et al., Miller, Pepper, Charlet & Gavloski, Majka et al., Wilbur, Sudbrink & Grant, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Cerotoma trifurcata Clk2004, Colaspis brunnea Clk2004, Odontota dorsalis Clk2004; Curculionidae: Cylindrocopturus adspersus (Sunflower Stem Weevil) [adults feed on leaves & stems, larvae bore through stems & root crowns] CG2011, Hypera nigrirostris (Lesser Clover Leaf Weevil) [introduced into N. America from abroad, preferred host plant, feeds on leaves & flowerheads] MM1980 Msh2006, Tychius stephensi (Red Clover Seed Weevil) [this Eurasian insect is widely distributed in North America] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Liriomyza pusilla [larvae are leaf-miners, polyphagous] Ndm1928; Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura leguminicola (Clover Seed Midge) [larvae feed on seeds in flowerheads] Flt1917

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Alydidae: Alydus conspersus [feeds on seeds] Sch1980; Pentatomidae: Coenus delia Rid2009, Euschistus variolaria [polyphagous] Rid2009, Hymenarcys nervosa Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Acyrthosiphon pisum (Pea Aphid) HF1931 Pp1965, Nearctaphis bakeri (Clover Aphid) [found on young leaves & flower buds of hawthorns & other shrubs in the Rosaceae, migrating to various herbaceous plants in the Fabaceae & other plant families; widely distributed in North America, including Illinois] HF1931 BE2013 Pp1965, Nearctaphis crataegifoliae (Long-Beaked Clover Aphid) [Red Clover is summer host] Crw2004 HF1931, Rhopalosiphum cerasifoliae (Chokecherry Aphid) [the summer hosts of this aphid are usually bulrushes & spikerushes] HF1931, Sipha flava (Yellow Sugar Cane Aphid) [syn. Sipha flavus] HF1931, Sitobion avenae (English Grain Aphid) HF1931, Therioaphis ononidis HF1931, Therioaphis trifolii (Spotted Alfalfa Aphid) Pp1965; Cicadellidae: Endria inimica (Painted Leafhopper) [not preferred as a host plant] Wlb1954; Membracidae: Campylenchia latipes [polyphagous] Den1952, Stictocephala basalis [polyphagous] Den1952, Tortistilus inermis [polyphagous] Den1952 Fnk1917; Pseudococcidae:
Pseudococcus dolichomelos (False Trochanter Mealybug) [polyphagous; this insect has been found in NE USA & elsewhere] SN2014, Pseudococcus sorghiellus (Trochanter Mealybug) [polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in eastern USA] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Gelechiidae: Aristotelia roseosuffusella (Clover Aristotelia Moth) [forms webs over leaves] Ndm1928; Noctuidae: Helicoverpa zea (Corn Earworm) [polyphagous] SG1995; Tineidae: Acrolophus popeanella [larvae feed on roots] Cv2005; Tortricidae:
Ancylis metamelana (Black-marked Ancylis) [larvae feed within tied or folded leaves] Mlr1987

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Melanoplus bivittatus (Two-Striped Grasshopper) Wy1994, Melanoplus borealis borealis (Northern Grasshopper) [this grasshopper is often found in moist meadows] BHW2008
Wy1994, Melanoplus femurrubrum (Red-legged Grasshopper) [feeds on leaflets, field observations] Ggw1961
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