Insects Feeding
on these Plants:


Spinacia oleracea
(Spinach) [Chenopodiaceae]
(observations are from Needham et al., Blackman & Eastop, Spencer & Steyskal)

Diptera (Flies)

Agromyzidae: Liriomyza pusilla [larvae are leaf-miners, polyphagous] Ndm1928, Liriomyza trifolii [larvae are leaf-miners, polyphagous; widespread in E USA] SS1986; Anthomyiidae: Botanophila fugax [larvae mine roots, syn. Pegohylemyia fugax] Ndm1928, Pegomyza hyoscyami (Spinach Leafminer) Ndm1928

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Pemphigus betae (Sugar Beet Root Aphid) [forms galls on leaf undersides of poplar & cottonwood, migrating during the summer to the roots of some herbaceous plants in the Chenopodiaceae; Spinach is considered a possible host] BE2013