____________


Insects Feeding
on these Plants:

____________


Smilax spp.
(Greenbrier) [Smilacaceae]
(Observations are from Stannard, Clark et al., Wagner, Covell, Needham et al., Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Miller)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Pachyonychus paradoxus Clk2004

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Camptoneuromyia rubifolia (Smilax Blister Midge) [larvae form oval spots on leaves] Flt1917, Dasineura smilacifolia (Smilax Leaf Midge) [larvae roll young leaves longitudinally] Flt1917

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Neoprociphilus aceris [found on branches, twigs, petioles, & leaves of maple trees, migrating during the summer to the stems & leaves of Smilax spp.; this aphid is distributed in eastern North America] BE2013


Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Cynipidae: Diastrophus smilacis (Smilax Stem Gall Wasp) [larvae form irregular galls on stems, possible misclassification of wasp or misidentification of host plant] Flt1917

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Lyonetiidae: Proleucoptera smilaciella [larvae are leaf-miners] Ndm1928; Noctuidae: Phosphila miselioides (Spotted Phosphila) [larvae prefer to feed on young leaves, oligophagous] Cv2005 Wg2005, Phosphila turbulenta (Turbulent Phosphila) [larvae feed on leaves, oligophagous] Cv2005 Wg2005, Phyprosopus callitrichoides (Curve-Lined Owlet) [oligophagous] Cv2005 Wg2005; Tortricidae: Pseudogalleria inimicella (Inimical Borer Moth) [larvae feed in stem bases] Mlr1987

Thysanoptera (Thrips)
Thripidae: Ctenothrips bridwelli [adults found on foliage] St1968 

________________________________________________________________________