Insects Feeding
on this Plant:


Secale cereale
(Rye) [Poaceae]
(Observations are from Vaurie, Rider, Clark et al., Needham et al., Smith, Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Robinson & Bradley, Spencer & Steyskal, Natural History Museum, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Oulema melanopus Clk2004; Curculionidae: Sphenophorus parvulus (Bluegrass Billbug) Vau1983

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Cerodontha dorsalis (Grass Sheath Miner) [larvae are leaf-miners, pupating in sheaths; widespread] Ndm1928 SS1986, Liriomyza pusilla [leaf-miner, polyphagous] Ndm1928 

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Pentatomidae: Euschistus variolarius Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Forda formicaria [feeds on roots; this Eurasian aphid has been found in Illinois] BE2013, Forda marginata [feeds on roots; this Eurasian aphid has been found in Wisconsin] BE2013, Metopolophium dirhodum (Rose-Grass Aphid) [found on roses as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to the leaves of various grasses, and some sedges & rushes] BE2013, Rhopalosiphum maidis (Corn Leaf Aphid) [found on young leaves, introduced from Asia] BE2013, Rhopalosiphum padi (Bird Cherry & Oat Aphid) [found on leaf undersides of Bird Cherry & Chokecherry, and rolling them; migrating during the summer to various grasses & iris; this aphid is widely distributed in North America, including Illinois] BE2013 RB1965, Schizaphis graminum (Greenbug) RB1965, Sitobion avenae (English Grain Aphid) RB1965; Pseudococcidae:
Trionymus smithii (Smith Grass Mealybug) [found underneath leaf sheaths; this insect occurs in NE USA, California, & Mexico] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Cephidae: Cephus pygmaeus (European Wheat-Stem Sawfly) [larvae bore through stems, introduced into North America from abroad] Sm2006, Trachelus tabidus (Black Grain-Stem Sawfly) [introduced into North America from abroad] Sm2006; Eurytomidae: Tetramesa secale (Rye Jointworm) [larvae live in stems] Flt1917, Tetramesa websteri [larvae live in stems] Flt1917

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Noctuidae: Dargida diffusa (Wheathead Armyworm) NHM2010, Euxoa auxiliaris (Army Cutworm) [this insect is found mostly west of Illinois] NHM2010, Euxoa detersa (Sandhill Cutworm) [polyphagous] NHM2010, Euxoa messoria (Reaper Dart) NHM2010, Feltia jaculifera (Dingy Cutworm) [polyphagous] NHM2010, Helicoverpa zea (Corn Earworm) NHM2010, Mythimna unipuncta (True Armyworm) [syn. Pseudaletia unipuncta] NHM2010, Papaipema nebris (Stalk Borer Moth) [polyphagous] NHM2010, Simyra insularis (Henry's Marsh Moth) [polyphagous; syn. Simyra henrici] NHM2010, Spodoptera frugiperda (Fall Armyworm) NHM2010; Nolidae: Nola cereella (Sorghum Nola) [larvae feed on florets & developing seeds] NHM2010; Pyralidae: Fissicrambus mutabilis (Changeable Grass-veneer Moth) NHM2010