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Insects Feeding
on these Plants
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Rubus spp.
(Blackberry, Raspberry, Dewberry) [Rosaceae]
(Observations are from Funkhouser, Yanega, Bouseman & Sternburg, Hottes & Frison, Arnett & Jacques, DeLong, Stannard, Dmitriev & Dietrich, Clark et al., Microleps website, Dennis, Rider, Wagner, Thomas, Milne & Milne,  Marshall, Covell, MacRae, Cranshaw, Arment, Needham et al., Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Gangwere, Opler & Krizek, Miller, Pepper, Robinson & Bradley, Braun, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Buprestidae: Agrilus aurichalceus (Bronze Cane Borer) Crw2004, Agrilus ruficollis (Red-Necked Cane Borer) Crw2004 Mcr1991; Byturidae: Byturus unicolor (Eastern Raspberry Fruitworm) [syn. Byturus rubi, larvae feed on fruit, adults feed on foliage & flower buds] Crw2004; Cerambycidae: Oberea affinis [larvae bore through stems] Msh2006 Ya1996, Oberea perspicillata (Raspberry Cane Borer, syn. Oberea bimaculata) [larvae bore through live stems] AJ1981 Crw2004 MM1980 Ya1996; Chrysomelidae: Eusattodera thoracica Clk2004, Neochlamisus eubati Clk2004, Neochlamisus gibbosus Clk2004 Msh2006, Paria fragariae (Strawberry Rootworm) Clk2004

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Agromyza fragariae [larvae are leaf-miners] Ndm1928; Anthomyiidae: Pegomya rubivora (Raspberry Cane Maggot) [maggots tunnel into pith, causing cane tips to die back] Crw2004; Cecidomyiidae: Neolasioptera farinosa [larvae form farinose galls on central veins of leaflets] AOS1905

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Pentatomidae: Cosmopepla lintneriana [polyphagous] Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Amphorophora agathonica [found on young shoots & leaf undersides] BE2013, Amphorophora rubi (Rubus Aphid) [probably introduced into N. America from Europe] Th1877 Pp1965 RB1965, Amphorophora sensoriata HF1931 Pp1965, Aphis rubicola (Small Raspberry Aphid) HF1931 Pp1965, Aphis rubifolii [found on both wild & cultivated blackberries] HF1931 BE2013 Pp1965 RB1965, Illinoia rubicola (Spotted-winged Raspberry Aphid) Pp1965 RB1965, Sitobion fragariae (Blackberry-Grain Aphid) [found on various plants in the Rosaceae as primary hosts, especially Rubus spp., migrating during the summer to various grasses as secondary hosts; this aphid has been found in Illinois, although it is more common in California & Eurasia] BE2013; Cicadellidae: Eratoneura coxi DD2010, Eratoneura spinifera DD2010, Erythroneura amanda DD2010, Erythroneura comes (Grape Leafhopper) [polyphagous] MM1980, Erythroneura octonotata (Eight-Spotted Leafhopper) DD2010, Graphocephala coccinea (Red-Banded Leafhopper) [polyphagous] AJ1981 Dlg1948, Typhlocyba rosae (Rose Leafhopper) Crw2004; 
Disaspididae: Aulacaspis rosae (Rose Scale) [found near the crown of the host plant & other areas, preferring Rosa spp. & Rubus spp.; this insect is widely distributed in NE USA, north-central USA, & SE Canada] SN2014, Lepidosaphes ulmi (Oystershell Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA, S Canada, & Eurasia] SN2014; Membracidae: Ceresa bubalus (Buffalo Treehopper) [polyphagous] Den1952, Hadrophallus borealis [polyphagous] Den1952, Hadrophallus constans [polyphagous] Den1952, Stictocephala albescens [polyphagous] Den1952 Fnk1917, Stictocephala diceros [polyphagous] Den1952 Stictocephala taurina [polyphagous] Den1952 Fnk1917; Pseudococcidae: Pseudococcus sorghiellus (Trochanter Mealybug) [polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in eastern USA] SN2014; Triozidae: Trioza tripunctata (Blackberry Psyllid) [feeds on leaf undersides] Msh2006

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Cephidae: Hartigia trimaculata (Rose Shoot Sawfly) [larvae tunnel into canes] Crw2004, Sm2006; Cynipidae: Diastrophus kincaidii [forms irregular stem galls] Crw2004; Pamphiliidae: Onycholyda amplecta [larvae are leaf-rollers] Sm2006, Onycholyda luteicornis [larvae are leaf-rollers] Msh2006 Sm2006; Tenthredinidae: Empria maculata [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Metallus capitalis [larvae are leaf-miners] Ndm1928, Metallus rohweri (Blackberry Leafminer) [syn. Metallus rubi, larvae are leaf-miners] Crw2004 Ndm1928 Sm2006, Monophadnoides geniculatus (Raspberry Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves, syn. Monophadnoides rubi Harris] Crw2004 Sm2006, Priophorus morio [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Taxonus pallidicornis [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Taxonus rufocinctus [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Taxonus terminalis [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Arctiidae: Haploa lecontei (Leconte's Haploa) [polyphagous] Cv2005; Coleophoridae: Coleophora cretaticostella [larvae feed on buds & leaves of blackberries from protective cases] Ndm1928 Br1919; Drepanidae: Habrosyne scripta (Lettered Habrosyne) Wg2005; Geometridae: Anacamptodes humaria (Small Purplish Gray) [polyphagous, found on dewberry] Cv2005, Chlorochlamys chloroleucaria (Blackberry Looper) [larvae feed on leaves, fruits, & flowers] Cv2005 Wg2005, Erastria cruentaria (Thin-Lined Erastria) [found in southern IL] Cv2005, Scopula limboundata (Large Lace Border) [polyphagous] Wg2005, Synchlora aerata (Wavy-Lined Emerald) [larvae feed on flowers & fruits] Cv2005 Wg2005; Lycaenidae: Satyrium liparops strigosum (Striped Hairstreak) [polyphagous] BS2001 OK1984; Noctuidae: Hypena scabra (Green Cloverworm) [syn. Pathypena scabra] Cv2005, Melanchra assimilis (Black Arches) [larvae often feed on flowers, polyphagous] Wg2005, Palthis angulalis
(Dark-Spotted Palthis) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Xestia normaniana (Norman's Dart) Cv2005; Notodontidae: Schizura concinna (Red-Humped Appleworm) MM1980; Saturniidae: Automeris io (Io Moth) [polyphagous] Wg2005; Sesiidae: Pennisetia marginata (Raspberry Crown Borer) [larvae feed on leaves & bore into crowns, found on blackberry & raspberry] Crw2004 Cv2005 Msh2006; Schreckensteiniaceae: Scheckensteinia festaliella [larvae are leaf-skeletonizers, found on raspberry] Mic2010; Tischeriidae: Coptotriche aenea [larvae are trumpet leaf-miners, found on blackberry] Mic2010; Tortricidae: Ancylis apicana [larvae feed within folded leaves] Mlr1987, Ancylis comptana (Strawberry Leafroller Moth) [larvae feed within folded leaves] Mlr1987, Ancylis muricana (Red-headed Ancylis) Mlr1987, Epinotia medioviridana (Raspberry Leafroller Moth) [larvae feed within tied leaves; this moth is found mostly east of Illinois] Mlr1987, Hedya separatana (Pink-washed Leafroller Moth) [larvae feed within rolled leaves] Mlr1987, Olethreutes furfuranum (Woolly-backed Moth) Mlr1987, Olethreutes permundana (Raspberry Leafroller Moth) [larvae feed in leaf buds, flower buds, & rolled leaves] Mlr1987, Spilonota ocellana (Eye-spotted Bud Moth) [larvae feed on buds, flowers, & leaves] Mlr1987

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Schistocerca lineata (Spotted Bird Grasshopper) [feeds on leaflets, field observations] Ggw1961; Tettigoniidae: Scudderia curvicauda (Curve-tailed Bush Katydid) [nymphs feed on leaflets, field observations] Ggw1961

Phasmatodea (Walkingsticks)
Diapheromeridae: Diapheromera femorata (Northern Walkingstick) [feeds on leaves] Arm2006; Pseudophasmatidae: Anisomorpha ferruginea (Lesser Striped Walkingstick) [feeds on leaves] Arm2006

Thysanoptera (Thrips)
Thripidae: Frankliniella tritici (Eastern Flower Thrips) [found on flowers, polyphagous] St1968

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