____________


Insects Feeding
on these Plants
:
____________


Rosa spp.
(Wild Rose) [Rosaceae]
(Observations are from Thomas, Knight, Yanega, Hottes & Frison, Clark et al., Marshall, Arnett & Jacques, Stannard, Wagner, Milne & Milne, Covell, Cranshaw, Arment, Needham et al., Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Wheeler et al., Vickery & Kevan, Brust et al., Miller, Pepper, Robinson & Bradley, Panzer et al., ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Attelabidae: Merhynchites bicolor (Rose Curculio) [larvae develop in ovaries of flowers, adults feed on flower buds & tips of shoots] AJ1981 Crw2004 MM1980 Msh2006; Buprestidae: Agrilus aurichalceus (Bronze Cane Borer) Crw2004; Cerambycidae: Oberea perspicillata (Raspberry Cane Borer) [syn. Oberea bimaculata, larvae bore through stems of living shrubs] Crw2004 Ya1996; Chrysomelidae: Altica canadensis Clk2004, Altica foliacea (Apple Flea Beetle) [adults & larvae feed on foliage] Crw2004, Altica gloriosa Clk2004, Altica ignita Clk2004, Altica pretiosa Clk2004, Altica rosae Clk2004, Calligrapha lunata Clk2004 Msh2006, Paria fragariae (Strawberry Rootworm) Clk2004, Paria pratensis Clk2004; Curculionidae: Pantomorus cervinus (Fuller Rose Beetle) [larvae feed on roots, adults feed on foliage] Crw2004; Scarabaeidae: Macrodactylus subspinosa (Rose Chafer) [feeds on foliage & flowers] AJ1981 Crw2004, Popillia japonica (Japanese Beetle) [polyphagous, introduced into N. America from E. Asia, feeds on foliage & flowers] AJ1981 Crw2004

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura rhodophaga (Rose Midge) [maggots suck sap from young shoots & buds] Crw2004; Tephritidae: Rhagoletis basiolum (Rose Hip Maggot) [larvae develop in rose hips] Msh2006

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Plagiognathus rosicola (Rose Plant Bug) Kn1941 WHM1983, Poecilocapsus lineatus (Four-Lined Plant Bug) [feeds on leaves, buds, & flowers, polyphagous] Crw2004

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Acyrthosiphon pseudodirhodum [native to NE USA & Canada] BE2013, Aulacorthum circumflexa HF1931, Chaitosiphon fragaefolii (Strawberry Aphid) HF1931 RB1965, Chaitosiphon tetrarhodum (Small Green Rose Aphid) [found on shoot tips & leaf undersides of both cultivated & wild roses; syn. Chaitosiphon tetrarhoda] HF1931 BE2013 Pp1965, Chaitosiphon thomasi [found on both cultivated & wild roses] BE2013, Hyperomyzus ribiellum HF1931, Longicaudus trirhodus [found on leaves & flower buds of roses, migrating during the summer to Aquilegia spp. & Thalictrum spp.; this aphid is distributed in NE USA] BE2013 Pp1965, Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Potato Aphid) [polyphagous, widely distributed in North America, including Illinois] Crw2004 MM1980 BE2013 Pp1965 RB1965, Macrosiphum gei (Avens Aphid) [polyphagous] HF1931, Macrosiphum impatientis [found on Rosa spp. as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to Jewelweed; this aphid is distributed in NE & north-central USA] BE2013, Macrosiphum pallidum [found on wild roses as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to various herbaceous plants in the Rosaceae; this aphid is widely distributed in North America; syn. Macrosiphum pseudorosae] HF1931 BE2013 Pp1965, Macrosiphum rosae (Rose Aphid) [found on young growth of both wild & cultivated roses, sometimes migrating during the summer to various herbaceous & woody plants] Crw2004 HF1931 Th1877 BE2013 Pp1965 RB1965, Metopolophium dirhodum (Rose-Grass Aphid) [found on roses as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to the leaves of various grasses, and some sedges & rushes, as secondary hosts] BE2013 RB1965 Crw2004 HF1931, Myzaphis rosarum (Lesser Rose Aphid) [found along leaflet midribs of both wild & cultivated roses; this European aphid has been found in SE Canada] BE2013 Pp1965, Myzus persicae (Green Peach Aphid) [polyphagous] Pp1965, Rhodobium porosum (Yellow Rose Aphid) [especially common on cultivated roses; this aphid has been found in Manitoba, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, & North Carolina; syn. Rhodobium porosus] HF1931 BE2013 Pp1965 RB1965, Sitobion fragariae (Blackberry-Grain Aphid) [found on various plants in the Rosaceae as primary hosts, especially Rubus spp., migrating during the summer to various grasses; this aphid has been found in Illinois, although it is more common in California & Eurasia] BE2013; Cicadellidae: Gypona contana [syn. Gypona mitana] Pnz2006,Typhlocyba rosae (Rose Leafhopper) Crw2004; 
Disaspididae: Aulacaspis rosae (Rose Scale) [found near the crown of the host plant & other areas, preferring Rosa spp. & Rubus spp.; this insect is widely distributed in NE USA, north-central USA, & SE Canada] SN2014 Crw2004, Chionaspis salicis (Willow Scurfy Scale) [found mainly on woody stems; this insect is polyphagous, although it prefers Salix spp. & Populus spp.; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014, Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (English Walnut Scale) [found on woody stems, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014, Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San Jose Scale) [usually found on stems, polyphagous, although preferring woody species in the Rosaceae; this insect is widely distributed; syn. Comstockaspis perniciosa, syn. Quadraspidiotus perniciosus] SN2014, Lepidosaphes ulmi (Oystershell Scale) [found on woody stems, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA, S Canada, & Eurasia] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Anthophoridae: Ceratina spp. (Small Carpenter Bees) [tunnel into pith of stems to construct nests, causing little damage] Crw2004; Argidae: Arge ochropus (Imported Rose Sawfly) [introduced into N. America from abroad] Msh2006; Cephidae: Hartigia trimaculata (Rose Shoot Sawfly) [larvae tunnel into young shoots] Crw2004 Sm2006; Cynipidae: Diplolepis bicolor (Spiny Rose Gall Wasp) [forms spiny galls on twigs] Crw2004,
Diplolepis dichlocera (Long Rose Gall Wasp) [forms elongated galls on stems] Crw2004, Diplolepis fusiformans [forms globular galls on stems] Crw2004, Diplolepis globosus (Gobular Rose Gall Wasp) [forms globular galls on stems] Crw2004, Diplolepis nebulosus [forms spiny round galls on leaves] Crw2004, Diplolepis politus [forms globular spiny stems galls] Crw2004, Diplolepis radicum (Roseroot Gall Wasp) [forms woody galls on lower stems] Crw2004, Diplolepis rosae (Mossy Rose Gall Wasp) [forms moss-like galls on twigs] Crw2004, Diplolepis rosaefolii (Rose Blister Gall Wasp) [forms spiny round galls on leaves] Crw2004, Diplolepis tuberculator (Leafy Rose Gall Wasp) [forms leafy stem galls] Crw2004, Diplolepis tumidus [forms globular galls on stems] Crw2004; Megachilidae: Megachile spp. (Large Leaf-Cutting Bees) [use segments of leaves & flower petals in construction of nests] Crw2004; Tenthredinidae: Allantus cinctus (Curled Rose Sawfly) [damages leaves & tunnels into shoots] Crw2004 Msh2006 Sm2006, Allantus nigritibialis [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Allantus viennensis [larvae feed on foliage, introduced into North America from abroad] Sm2006, Ardis brunniventris [larvae bore into shoots] Sm2006, Cladius difformis (Bristly Rose Slug) [larvae feed on foliage] Crw2004 Sm2006, Endelomyia aethiops (Rose Slug) [larvae feed on foliage] Crw2004 Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Geometridae: Euchlaena obtusaria (Obtuse Euchaena) [polyphagous] Cv2005 Wg2005, Synchlora aerata (Wavy-Lined Emerald) [larvae feed on flowers] Wg2005, Xanthotype sospeta (Crocus Geometer) Wg2005; Limacodidae: Parasa indetermina (Stinging Rose Caterpillar) [polyphagous, found in southern IL] Crw2004 Cv2005; Lymantriidae: Lymantria dispar (Gypsy Moth) [intro. into N. America from abroad, polyphagous] Cv2005; Noctuidae: Cerma cerintha (Tufted Bird-Dropping Moth) Cv2005, Pyrrhia exprimens (Purple-Lined Sallow) [larvae prefer flowers, buds, & fruit, polyphagous] Wg2005; Notodontidae: Schizura concinna (Red-Humped Appleworm) MM1980, Schizura unicornis (Unicorn Caterpillar) [polyphagous] Wg2005; Sphingidae: Sphinx gordius (Gordian Sphinx) Wg2005; Tischeriidae: Tischeria roseticola [leaf-miner, syn. Coptotriche roseticola] Ndm1928; Tortricidae: Choristoneura parallela (Spotted Fireworm) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Grapholita molesta (Oriental Fruit Moth) [larvae feed in terminal growth & fruits] Mlr1987, Grapholita packardi (Cherry Fruitworm Moth) [larvae develop in fruit] Crw2004, Hedya cyanana [larvae feed within rolled leaves] Mlr1987, Hedya ochroleucana (Off-white Hedya) [larvae feed witin rolled leaves] Mlr1987, Hedya separatana (Pink-washed Leafroller Moth) [larvae feed within rolled leaves] Mlr1987, Notocelia culminana (Notocelia Moth) [larvae feed in tied leaves] Mlr1987, Platynota flavedana (Variegated Leafroller) [polyphagous] Crw2004 Cv2005

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Melanoplus dawsoni (Dawson's Grasshopper) [feeds on wild roses; this grasshopper is found in woodland openings & prairies] BHW2008, Schistocerca lineata (Spotted Bird Grasshopper) [feeds on wild roses] VK1985

Phasmatodea (Walkingsticks)
Pseudophasmatidae: Anisomorpha ferruginea (Lesser Striped Walkingstick) [feeds on leaves] Arm2006

Thysanoptera (Thrips)
Thripidae: Frankliniella tritici (Eastern Flower Thrips) [found on flowers, polyphagous] St1968, Heterothrips analis (Wild Rose Thrips) [found on flowers] St1968
________________________________________________________________________