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Insects Feeding
on these Plants
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Rhus spp.
(Sumac) [Anacardiaceae]
(Observations are from Vestal, Hottes & Frison, Wagner, Yanega,  Bouseman & Sternburg, Marshall, Rider, Microlep website, Covell, Cranshaw, Needham et al., Smith, Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Pepper, Majka et al., ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Cerambycidae: Grammoptera subargentata Ya1996,
Oberea myops (Rhododendron Stem Borer) [larvae bore through branches of living shrubs] Ya1996, Oberea ocellata (Sumac Stem Borer) Crw2004 Msh2006, Stenocorus cylindricollis Ya1996; Chrysomelidae: Blepharida rhois (Sumac Flea Beetle) [adults & larvae feed on foliage] Crw2004 Msh2006 Vst1913; Scolytidae: Lymantor decipiens [this insect is found in NE & north-central USA, & SE Canada] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Asphondylia integrifoliae (Sumac Flowerbud Gall Midge) [larvae form small subgloboid galls on flowerbuds] Flt1917, Lestodiplosis cinctipes [larvae live in young twigs or shoots] Flt1917

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Poecilocapsus lineatus (Four-Lined Plant Bug) [feeds on leaves, buds, & flowers, polyphagous] Crw2004;
Pentatomidae: Brochymena quadripustulata (Four-Humped Stink Bug) [polyphagous] Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Carolinaia rhois
[found on leaf undersides of sumac shrubs, migrating during the summer to the inflorescences of various grasses; syn. Carolinaia tissoti] HF1931 Pp1965, Melaphis rhois (Sumac Gall Aphid) [forms pyriform or spheroid reddish galls on leaflets] Flt1917 HF1931 Msh2006 BE2013; Calophyidae: Calophya spp. (Gall-Forming Psyllids) [form galls on foliage] Crw2004; Pseudococcidae: Heliococcus osborni (Osborn Mealybug) [polyphagous, mostly found on woody vegetation] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Anthophoridae: Ceratina spp. (Small Carpenter Bees) [tunnel into pith of stems to construct nests, causing little damage] Crw2004; Argidae: Arge coccinea [larvae feed on leaves] Sm2006; Eurytomidae: Eurytoma rhois [larvae feed on seeds] Flt1917; Xiphydriidae: Xiphydria tibialis [larvae bore into small branches, polyphagous] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Geometridae: Dichorda iridaria (Showy Emerald) Wg2005; Gracillariidae: Caloptilia rhoifoliella [leaf-roller] Mic2010; Lycaenidae: Calycopis cecrops (Red-Banded Hairstreak) [found mostly in southern IL] BS2001, Celastrina argiolus (Spring/Summer Azure) [feeds on flowers, buds, & fruits] BS2001; Lymantriidae: Lymantria dispar (Gypsy Moth) [intro. into N. America from abroad, polyphagous] Cv2005; Nepticulidae: Nepticula intermedia [larvae are leaf-miners, syn. Stigmella intermedia] Ndm1928; Noctuidae: Acronicta rubricoma (Ruddy Dagger Moth) Cv2005, Marathyssa inficita (Dark Marathyssa) [larvae feed on leaves] Wg2005, Paectes abrostolella (Sumac Paectes) [larvae feed on leaves] Wg2005; Notodontidae: Datana perspicua (Spotted Datana) Cv2005 Wg2005; Pyralidae: Pococera asperatella (Maple Webworm) Msh2006; Saturniidae: Citheronia regalis (Regal Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005 Schreckensteiniidae: Schreckensteinia erythriella [larvae feed on flowers & fruits] Mic2010; Tortricidae: Amorbia humerosana (White-Lined Leafroller Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005
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