Insects Feeding
on these Plants:


Plantago spp.
(Plantain) [Plantaginaceae]
(Observations are from Milne & Milne, Marshall, Wagner, Hottes & Frison, Microleps website, Clark et al., Bouseman & Sternburg, Covell, Cranshaw, Needham et al., Blackman & Eastop, O'Brien, Gangwere, Spencer & Steyskal, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Dibolia borealis [adults & larvae feed on leaves, larvae are leaf-miners] Clk2004; Curculionidae: Listronotus echinatus [feeds on roots, probably found in wetland habitats] Obr1997

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Liriomyza pusilla [leaf-miner, polyphagous] Ndm1928, Phytomyza plantaginis [larvae are leaf-miners, widespread] SS1986

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Abstrusomyzus phloxae [polyphagous] BE2013, Aphis middletonii HF1931, Dysaphis plantaginea (Rosy Apple Aphid) [forms yellowish crumpled-leaf galls on Malus spp., migrating during the summer to the leaf undersides of Plantago spp.] HF1931 MM1980 BE2013, Myzus persicae [polyphagous] HF1931; Pseudococcidae:
Pseudococcus sorghiellus (Trochanter Mealybug) [polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in eastern USA] SN2014 

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Arctiidae: Apantesis nais (Nais Tiger Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005 Msh2006, Apantesis phalerata (Harnessed Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005,  Grammia anna (Anna Tiger Moth) Cv2005, Grammia figurata (Figured Tiger Moth) Cv2005, Grammia virgo (Virgin Tiger Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Grammia virguncula (Little Virgin Moth) [polyphagous, found in northern IL] Cv2005, Hypercompe scribonia (Giant Leopard Moth) [polyphagous] Wg2005, Phragmatobia fuliginosa (Ruby Tiger Moth) [polyphagous, found in northern IL] Cv2005, Spilosoma latipennis (Pink-Legged Tiger Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Virbia aurantiaca (Orange Virbia) [syn. Holomelina aurantiaca] Cv2005 Wg2005; Gracillariidae: Parectopa plantaginisella [larvae are blotch leaf-miners] Mic2010; Noctuidae: Autographa precationis (Common Looper Moth) [polyphagous] Crw2004 Cv2005, Lacinipolia olivacea (Olive Arches) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Protorthodes oviduca (Ruddy Quaker)
Cv2005, Tricholita signata (Signate Quaker) Cv2005; Nymphalidae: Junonia coenia (Buckeye) BS2001 MM1980 Wg2005

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Melanoplus scudderi (Scudder's Short-winged Grasshopper) [nibbles on leaves, field observations] Ggw1961