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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Pinus virginiana
(Scrub Pine) [Pinaceae]
(This tree occurs in neighboring states, although not Illinois. Observations are from Knight, Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Wheeler et al., Watson, Opler & Krizek, Miller, Pepper, ScaleNet)

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Cecidomyia piniinopis (Gouty Pitch Midge) AOS1905, Cecidomyia resinicola (Pine Pitch Midge) AOS1905

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Alepidiella heidemanni Kn1941, Ceratocapsus barbatus WHM1983, Deraeocoris nigritulus WHM1983, Dichrooscytus suspectus Kn1941 WHM1983, Eustictus grossus WHM1983, Lepidopsallus claricornis WHM1983, Phoenicocoris gracilis WHM1983, Phoenicocoris rostratus WHM1983, Phytocoris conspersipes Kn1941 WHM1983, Phytocoris fenestratus WHM1983, Phytocoris mundus Kn1941, Phytocoris pinicola WHM1983, Phytocoris uniformis WHM1983, Pilophorus amoenus Kn1941 WHM1983 Wat1928, Pilophorus crassipes WHM1983, Pilophorus laetus Kn1941 WHM1983, Pinophylus carneolus WHM1983

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Cinara gracilis [found on bark among needles] BE2013, Cinara pergandei Pp1965, Cinara pinivora Pp1965,
Cinara watsoni [found on new growth, or near tips of last year's shoots, especially on pines of subsection Australes; this aphid is distributed in E USA] BE2013 Pp1965, Eulachnus rileyi (Pine Needle Aphid) Pp1965, Essigella pini [found mostly on needles of pines in subsection Australes] BE2013, Schizolachnus parvus [found among pine needles, causing a bluish bloom; this aphid has been observed in Minnesota & Washington, D.C.] BE2013; Diaspididae: Chionaspis heterophyllae (Pine Scurfy Scale) [found on needles; this insect occurs in E USA, along the Pacific Coast of the USA, & Canada] SN2014, Chionaspis pinifoliae (Pine Needle Scale) [found on needles; this insect is widely distributed throughout the USA] SN2014, Diaspidiotus mccombi (McComb Pine Scale) [found on needles, usually hidden within their basal sheaths; this insect occurs in Maryland, Pennsylvania, & areas south] SN2014; Pseudococcidae: Dysmicoccus obesus (Pine Mealybug) [found under flakes of bark or around scarred areas of bark; this insect has been found in SE USA as far north as Arkansas & Maryland] SN2014, Oracella acuta (Acute Mealybug) [found under bark, on twigs, & at the base of needles; this insect occurs in SE USA as far north as Maryland & Kentucky] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Diprionidae: Neodiprion nannulus [larvae feed on leaves] Sm2006, Neodiprion pratti (Virginia Pine Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves] Sm2006; Siricidae: Sirex edwardsii [larvae bore into wood] Sm2006, Sirex nigricornis [larvae bore into wood] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Lycaenidae: Callophrys niphon (Pine Elfin) OK1984; Tortricidae: Eucosma monitorana (Red Pine Cone Borer Moth) [larvae feed in cones; this moth is found east of Illinois] Mlr1987
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