Insects Feeding
on this Plant:


Pinus banksiana
(Jack Pine) [Pinaceae]
(Observations are from Lattin, Yanega, Wagner, Marshall, Rider, Covell, Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Hamilton, Opler & Krizek, Miller, Pepper, Robinson & Bradley, Majka et al., Cranshaw)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Cerambycidae: Xylotrechus schaefferi [feeds on cones] Ya1996; Curculionidae: Cimberis elongata [adults & larvae feed on the pollen of cones; this insect is found in E USA & SE Canada] MAM2007, Pissodes nemorensis (Eastern Pine Weevil) [this insect is found in SE Canada & scattered areas of E USA] MAM2007; Scolytidae: Hylurgops rugipennis pinifex [this insect is widely distributed in the USA & S Canada] MAM2007, Phloeosinus pini [this insect is found in Canada & Michigan] MAM2007, Tomicus piniperda (Common Pine Shoot Beetle) [adults tunnel into tips of shoots, larvae feed in tunnels behind bark] Crw2004

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Scutelleridae: Tetyra bipunctata [oligophagous] Lat1964 Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Cinara banksiana (Jack Pine Aphid) [found on new growth or previous year's growth] BE2013 Pp1965 RB1965, Cinara canatra [found on branch bark & trunk bark; occurs in Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ontario, & Manitoba] BE2013 Pp1965, Cinara gracilis RB1965, Cinara nigra [found on undersides of branches, or on trunks of young trees; this aphid occurs in Michigan, Ontario, and areas further to the west] BE2013, Cinara parvicornis [found at needle bases of 1st- & 2nd-year branches; this aphid has been found in Ontario & Manitoba] BE2013 RB1965, Cinara pergandei Pp1965 RB1965, Cinara piniradicis [feeds on roots of young trees; found in Michigan & central Canada] BE2013 RB1965, Cinara pinivora RB1965, Cinara russellae [found at needle bases on pine trees in Michigan] BE2013, Essigella alyeska [found on needles, distributed in Ontario & Quebec] BE2013, Schizolachnus piniradiatae (Woolly Pine Needle Aphid) Pp1965; Cercopidae: Aphrophora gelida (Boreal Spittlebug) [host plant of adults only; this spittlebug is found in Canada, Appalachian Mountains, & North Carolina] Hm1982,
Aphrophora saratogensis (Saratoga Spittlebug) [adults feed on sap of branches, Jack Pine is a preferred host] Hm1982 Crw2004 

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Diprionidae: Diprion similis (Introduced Pine Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves; Pinus strobus is a preferred host] Crw2004, Neodiprion compar [larvae feed on leaves] Sm2006, Neodiprion lecontei (Red-headed Pine Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves] Crw2004, Neodiprion sertifer (European Pine Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves, syn. Neodiprion sertifera] Msh2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Lycaenidae: Callophrys niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin) Wg2005 OK1984; Noctuidae: Zale helata (Brown-Spotted Zale) Cv2005, Zale metatoides (Washed-Out Zale) Wg2005; Tortricidae: Choristoneura pinus (Jack Pine Budworm) [preferred host plant] Cv2005 Msh2006, Cydia toreuta (Eastern Pine Seedworm) [larvae feed on seeds within cones; this may be a complex of closely related moth species] Mlr1987, Ryacionia adana (Adana Pine Tip Moth) [larvae feed on terminal growth; this moth is found mostly east of Illinois] Mlr1987, Rhyacionia granti (Jack Pine Tip Moth) [larvae feed on terminal growth] Mlr1987, Rhyacionia sonia (Yellow Jack Pine Tip Moth) [larvae feed on terminal growth; this moth is found east of Illinois] Mlr1987