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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Picea mariana
(Black Spruce) [Pinaceae]
(observations are from Knight, Needham et al., Blackman & Eastop, Hamilton, Miller, Robinson & Bradley, Majka et al.)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Curculionidae: Pissodes fiskei [this insect is found in Canada, Maine, & New Hampshire] MAM2007

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Plagiognathus suffuscipennis Kn1941

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Adelgidae: Adelges laricis [primary host plant, forms cone-like galls on shoots] BE2013, Pineus floccus [alternates between Pinus strobus & Picea spp.; this adelgid feeds on the needles of White Pine, and forms galls on twigs of spruces; found in NE USA, including New York & Virginia] BE2013, Pineus pinifoliae (Pine Leaf Adelgid) [alternates between Pinus strobus & Picea spp.; this adelgid feeds on the needles of White Pine, and forms galls on twigs of spruces; found in NE USA, including Maine & New York] BE2013, Pineus similis (Ragged Spruce Gall Adelgid) [forms loose galls on spruce at tips of young shoots, causing the needles to turn brown; found in NE USA, including Massachusetts & New Jersey] BE2013; Aphididae: Cinara coloradensis RB1965, Cinara fornacula (Green Spruce Aphid) RB1965, Cinara hottesi RB1965, Cinara nigripes [occurs on trunks of young trees; found in Canada, extending eastward to Ontario] BE2013, Cinara pruinosa (Wax-bordered Spruce Aphid) RB1965; Cercopidae:
Aphrophora gelida (Boreal Spittlebug) [host plant of adults only; this spittlebug is found in Canada, Appalachian Mountains, & North Carolina] Hm1982, Aphrophora parallela (Spruce Spittlebug) [host plant of adults; found in Canada to Appalachian Mountains & South Carolina] Hm1982

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Gelechiidae: Coleotechnites piceaella (Orange Spruce Needleminer) Ndm1928; Tortricidae: Epinotia nanana (European Spruce Needleminer) [this moth is found east of Illinois] Ndm1928, Epinotia radicana (Red-striped Needleworm) [larvae feed on foliage; this moth is found in NE USA & SE Canada] Mlr1987, Zeiraphera canadensis (Spruce Budworm) [larvae feed on buds & needles] Mlr1987
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