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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Picea abies
(Norway Spruce) [Pinaceae]
(Observations are from Hottes & Frison, Blackman & Eastop, Wheeler et al., Pepper, Cranshaw, ScaleNet)

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Atractotomus magnicornis WHM1983, Orthotylus pennsylvanicus WHM1983, Phytocoris buenoi WHM1983, Pilophorus piceicola WHM1983, Plagiognathus suffuscipennis WHM1983, Plagiognathus tumidifrons WHM1983, Plagiognathus vitellinus WHM1983, Psallovius piceicola WHM1983

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)

Adelgidae: Adelges abietis (Eastern Spruce Gall Adelgid) [forms cone-like galls from needles] BE2013 Crw2004, Adelges laricis [forms cone-like galls on shoots, primary host plant] BE2013, Adelges nordmannianae (Fir Woolly Adelgid) [found in North Carolina & Tennessee, primary host plant] BE2013, Pineus similis (Ragged Spruce Gall Adelgid) [forms loose galls on spruce at tips of young shoots, causing the needles to turn pale brown; found in NE USA, including Massachusetts & New Jersey] BE2013; Aphididae: Cinara costata (Mealy Spruce Aphid) Pp1965, Cinara fornacula (Green Spruce Aphid) Pp1965, Cinara pilicornis (Spruce Shoot Aphid) Pp1965, Cinara pinicola HF1931, Cinara pruinosa (Wax-bordered Spruce Aphid) Pp1965; Diaspididae:
Chionaspis pinifoliae (Pine Needle Scale) [found on needles; this insect is widely distributed throughout the USA] SN2014, Dynaspidiotus abietis [this scale insect occurs in many areas of E USA, it was introduced from Eurasia] SN2014
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