Insects Feeding
on this Plant

Oenothera biennis
(Common Evening Primrose) [Onagraceae]
(Observations are from Vestal, Marshall, Clark et al., Hottes & Frison, Hart & Gleason, Milne & Milne, Microleps website, Cranshaw, Blackman & Eastop, Wheeler et al., Marcovitch, Harms & Grodovitch, Pepper, Robinson & Bradley, Natural History Museum)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Altica foliacea (Apple Flea Beetle) [adults & larvae feed on foliage] Clk2004 Crw2004, Altica fuscoaenea Clk2004 Vst1913, Altica ignita (Strawberry Flea Beetle) [adults & larvae feed on foliage] Crw2004, Altica knabi [both larvae & adults feed on this plant] Clk2004, Altica litigata Clk2004, Graphops pubescens Clk2004; Curculionidae: Acanthoscelidius acephalus [feeds on seeds] HG1907, Tyloderma foveolatum (Evening Primrose Weevil) [larvae feed inside the stems & taproots, widely distributed in E. USA] HG1907 Mar1916 HG2009

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Plagiognathus politus WHM1983

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Anoecia oenotherae [found on dogwood shrubs as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to the roots of Common Evening Primrose & possibly similar species] HF1931 BE2013 RB1965, Anoecia setariae HF1931, Aphis oenotherae (Evening Primrose Aphid) RB1965, Aphis oestlundi [found on stems & leaves] HF1931 BE2013 Pp1965, Macrosiphum gaurae Pp1965, Macrosiphum pseudorosae [syn. Macrosiphum pallidum] HF1931 Pp1965, Myzus biennis [found on terminal stems, this aphid occurs in Kansas; Myzus oenotherae could be the same aphid species] BE2013, Myzus oenotherae [found on stems & leaves, this aphid occurs in Nebraska; Myzus biennis could be the same aphid species] BE2013, Uroleucon ambrosiae (Brown Ambrosia Aphid) [possible misidentification, as this aphid normally occurs on ragweed] HF1931

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Arctiidae: Grammia arge (Arge Tiger Moth) NHM2010; Geometridae: Spargania magnoliata (Double-banded Carpet) NHM2010; Momphidae: Mompha argentimaculella [larvae are leaf-miners] Mic2010 NHM2010, Mompha brevivittella [larvae bore into seed capsules] Mic2010, Mompha circumscriptella [larvae bore into seed capsules] Mic2010, Mompha eloisella [larvae bore into stems] Mic2010 NHM2010, Mompha stellela (Evening Primrose Bud Caterpillar) [larvae bore into flower buds] Mic2010 Mar1916 NHM2010; Noctuidae: Schinia florida (Primrose Moth) [larvae feed on buds, flowers, & seed capsules] Msh2006 NHM2010; Sesiidae: Albuna pyramidalis (Fireweed Clearwing Moth) [larvae bore into roots; this moth is found mostly in boreal areas] NHM2010; Sphingidae: Amphion floridensis (Nessus Sphinx) NHM2010, Hyles lineata (White-Lined Sphinx) [polyphagous] MM1980 NHM2010; Tortricidae: Phtheochroa oenotherana (Evening Primrose Leaf Worm) [larvae feed on terminal leaves; syn. Aethes oenotherana, syn. Conchylis oenotherana, syn. Cochylis oenotherana] Mar1916