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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Monarda fistulosa
(Wild Bergamot) [Lamiaceae]
(Observations are from Marshall, Clark et al., Hottes & Frison, Dmitriev & Dietrich, Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Gangwere, Robinson & Bradley, Spencer & Steyskal, Panzer et al.)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Physonota unipunctata Clk2004

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Calycomyza menthae [larvae are blotch leaf-miners; found in Ontario & Florida] SS1986; Cecidomyiidae: Neolasioptera monardi (Monarda Stem Gall Midge) [larvae cause slender fusiform galls on stems] AOS1905 Flt1917

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Aphis gossypii (Cotton Aphid) [polyphagous] HF1931, Aphis monardae [some authors regard this aphid species as a synonym for Aphis gossypii  or Aphis neomonardae] RB1965, Aphis neomonardae [found in Manitoba] BE2013, Hyalomyzus monardae [causes twisting & curling of leaves] BE2013 HF1931; Cicadellidae: Empoasca radiata [preferred host plant] DD2010

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)

Pyralidae: Pyrausta orphisalis Msh2006, Pyrausta signatalis Msh2006; Sphingidae: Sphinx eremitus (Hermit Sphinx) Pnz2006

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Melanoplus confusus (Little Pasture Grasshopper) [feeds on corollas & sepals of flowers, both field & lab observations] Ggw1961, Melanoplus femurrubrum (Red-legged Grasshopper) [nymphs feed on leaves & flowers, field observations] Ggw1961, Melanoplus keeleri luridus (Keeler's Spur-throated Grasshopper) [feeds on leaves, field observations] Ggw1961, Melanoplus sanguinipes (Migratory Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961; Oecanthidae: Oecanthus nigricornis (Black-horned Tree Cricket) [feeds on dry flowers, field observations] Ggw1961, Oecanthus quadripunctatus (Four-spotted Tree Cricket) [both nymphs & adults feed on flowers, field observations] Ggw1961; Tettigoniidae: Amblycorypha oblongifolia (Oblong-winged Katydid) [feeds on leaves, field observations] Ggw1961, Atlanticus testaceus (Protean Shieldback) [feeds on leaves, field & lab observations] Ggw1967, Conocephalus strictus (Straight-lanced Meadow Katydid) [nymphs feed on flowers, field observations] Ggw1961, Scudderia furcata (Fork-tailed Bush Katydid) [nymphs feed on corollas & sepals of flowers, field observations] Ggw1961
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