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Insects Feeding
on this Plant
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Malus pumila
(Apple) [Rosaceae]
(Observations are from Funkhouser, Knight, Yanega, Bouseman & Sternburg, Hottes & Frison, Dmitriev & Dietrich, Clark et al., Microleps website, Rider, Needham et al., Blackman & Eastop, Miller, Pepper, ScaleNet, Eiseman)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Cerambycidae: Saperda candida (Round-Headed Apple Tree Borer) [larvae bore through wood of live trees] Ya1996, Saperda cretata (Spotted Apple Tree Borer) [larvae bore through wood of live trees] Ya1996; Chrysomelidae: Baliosus nervosus (Basswood Leafminer) [polyphagous] Ndm1928 Eis2014, Sumitrosis inaequalis [larvae are leaf-miners] Ndm1928, Sumitrosis rosea [larvae are leaf-miners] Ndm1928, Tricholochmaea cavicollis Clk2004; Curculionidae: Orchestes pallicornis (Apple Flea Weevil) Ndm1928

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Blepharidopterus provancheri Kn1941, Campylomma verbasci Kn1941, Heterocordylus malinus [nymphs puncture skin of fruits] Kn1941, Lygidea mendax (Apple Red Bug) Kn1941, Plagiognathus politus Kn1941, Taedia pallidula Kn1941; Pentatomidae: Brachymena quadripustulata (Four-Humped Stink Bug) [polyphagous] Rid2009, Parabrochymena arborea [polyphagous] Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Aphis pomi (Green Apple Aphid) [introduced into N. America from abroad] HF1931, Dysaphis plantaginea (Rosy Apple Aphid) HF1931 Pp1965, Dysaphis radicola (Apple-Dock Aphid) [rolls lateral margins of reddened leaves on apple, migrating during the summer to the roots of Rumex spp.; this aphid has been found in Illinois] BE2013, Eriosoma lanigerum (Woolly Apple Aphid) HF1931 Pp1965, Hyalomyzus eriobotryae Pp1965, Nearctaphis bakeri (Clover Aphid) [apple is a winter host] Pp1965, Nearctaphis crataegifoliae Pp1965, Prociphilus caryae fitchii [causes cupping & curling of leaves on Malus spp. & Amelanchier spp., migrating to the roots of White Pine; this aphid is distributed in E USA & SE Canada, including Wisconsin] BE2013, Rhopalosiphum maidis (Corn Leaf Aphid) HF1931, Rhopalosiphum oxycanthae (Apple-Grass Aphid) [syn. Rhopalosiphum insertum] Pp1965, Rhopalosiphum padi HF1931; Cicadellidae: Eratoneura hartii [a preferred host plant] DD2010, Erythridula lawsoniana [a preferred host plant] DD2010; 
Diaspididae: Chionaspis furfura (Scurfy Bark Scale) [found on branches & trunks, less often on young shoots, fruit, & leaves; plant species in the Rosaceae are preferred hosts; this insect is widely distributed in the USA & S Canada] SN2014, Diaspidiotus ancylis (Putnam Scale) [found on leaves, sometimes bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014, Diaspidiotus forbesi (Forbe's Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect occurs in north-central USA & elsewhere] SN2014, Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (False San Jose Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in N USA & S Canada, also in Eurasia, where it is native] SN2014, Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San Jose Scale) [usually found on bark, polyphagous, although preferring woody species in the Rosaceae; this insect is widely distributed; syn. Comstockaspis perniciosa, syn. Quadraspidiotus perniciosus] SN2014, Epidiaspis leperii (Italian Pear Scale) [found on young branches & twigs; this insect occurs in NE USA & Missouri] SN2014, Lepidosaphes conchiformis (Fig Scale) [found on bark & leaves, also fig fruits in California; this insect occurs in some areas of both E USA & W USA, including Missouri & California; it was introduced from Eurasia] SN2014, Lepidosaphes ulmi (Oystershell Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA, S Canada, & Eurasia] SN2014, Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese Maple Scale) [causes dieback of branches, polyphagous; this insect is found mostly in NE USA, it was introduced from E Asia] SN2014, Melanaspis tenebricosa (Gloomy Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect occurs in E USA & California] SN2014, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (White Peach Scale) [polyphagous; this insect is found mostly in E USA, it was introduced from Eurasia] SN2014; Membracidae: Ceresa bubalus (Buffalo Treehopper) [polyphagous] Fnk1917, Stictocephala taurina [polyphagous] Fnk1917; Pseudococcidae: Dysmicoccus wistariae (Taxus Mealybug) [polyphagous, although Taxus spp. are preferred hosts; widely distributed in NE & north-central USA] SN2014, Pseudococcus comstocki (Comstock Mealybug) [found on foliage, including lower side of leaves; polyphagous, feeding on woody vegetation; this insect is widely distributed in NE & north-central USA, it is also found in Ontario] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Bucculatricidae: Bucculatrix pomifoliella Ndm1928; Coleophoridae: Coleophora cerasivorella (Cigar Casebearer Moth) Ndm1928, Coleophora pruniella (Cherry Casebearer Moth) Ndm1928; Gelechiidae: Recurvaria nanella (Lesser Bud Moth) Ndm1928; Gracillariidae: Phyllonorycter crataegella (Apple Blotch Leafminer) Ndm1928; Heliozelidae: Coptodisca splendoriferella (Resplendent Shieldbearer) Ndm1928; Lycaenidae: Satyrium liparops strigosum (Striped Hairstreak) [polyphagous] BS2001; Lyonetiidae: Lyonetia prunifoliella [leaf-miner] Ndm1928;
Nepticulidae: Nepticula pomivorella [leaf-miner] Ndm1928; Nymphalidae: Limenitis archippus (Viceroy) BS2001, Limenitis arthemis astyanax (Red-Spotted Purple) [larvae feed on leaves] BS2001; Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus (Tiger Swallowtail) [polyphagous] BS2001; Tischeriidae: Coptotriche malifoliella (Appleleaf Trumpet Miner) [syn. Tischeria malifoliella] Mic2010 Ndm1928; Tortricidae: Spilonota ocellana (Eye-spotted Bud Moth) [larvae feed on buds, flowers, & leaves] Mlr1987; Yponomeutidae: Yponomeuta malinellus [introduced into N. America from Eurasia] Mic2010
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