Insects Feeding
on these Plants:


Lysimachia spp.
(Loosestrife) [Primulaceae]
(Observations are from Wagner, Smith, Felt, Miller, Robinson & Bradley, Natural History Museum, Panzer et al.)

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura lysimachiae (Loosestrife Bud Gall Midge) [larvae form loose apical bud galls] Flt1917

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Macrosiphum pseudorosae [syn. Macrosiphum pallidum] RB1965

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Tenthredinidae: Monostegia abdominalis [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)

Noctuidae: Papaipema lysimachiae (Loosestrife Borer Moth) [larvae bore into stems & roots; Lysimachia quadrifolia is the most commonly reported host, also Lysimachia thyrsiflora] Pnz2006; Nolidae: Nola cilicoides (Blurry-patched Nola) [larvae bore through pith of stems, feed on young leaves & flowers, oligophagous; one known host is Lysimachia ciliata] Wg2005 Pnz2006; Tortricidae: Aterpia approximana (Sparkling Aterpia) [larvae roll leaves, oligophagous; one known host is Lysimachia ciliata] Mlr1987 NHM2010 Pnz2006