____________


Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

____________


Lupinus perennis
(Wild Lupine) [Fabaceae]
(Observations are from Milne & Milne, Wagner, Dmitriev & Dietrich, Bouseman & Sternburg, Bouseman et al., Miller, Blackman & Eastop, Opler & Krizek, Panzer et al.)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Brentidae: Apion minor [possible host plant; syn. Trichapion minor] Pnz2006

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Macrosiphum albifrons (Lupine Aphid) [found on stems, leaves, & inflorescences; distributed in NE USA & Canada, also occurs in W USA] BE2013; Cicadellidae: Empoasca fabae [polyphagous] DD2010

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Hesperiidae: Erynnis baptisiae (Wild Indigo Duskywing) OK1984, Erynnis persius (Persius Duskywing) Bou2006; Lycaenidae: Callophrys irus (Frosted Elfin) [larvae feed on fruits, found in NE Illinois] BS2001 OK1984, Everes comyntas (Eastern Tailed Blue) Wg2005, Glaucopsyche lygdamus (Silvery Blue) MM1980, Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Karner Blue) [larvae feed on leaves] BS2001 OK1984; Nymphalidae: Vanessa cardui (Painted Lady) [polyphagous] Wg2005; Tortricidae: Grapholita tristrigana (Three-lined Grapholita) [larvae feed in seedpods] Mlr1987 Pnz2006 

________________________________________________________________________