Insects Feeding
on this Plant:


Helianthus tuberosus
(Jerusalem Artichoke) [Asteraceae]
(Observations are from Knight, Clark et al., Cranshaw, Opler & Krizek, Loeffler, Pepper, Charlet & Gavloski, Ford & Jackman, Lisberg & Young, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Brentidae: Apion occidentale (Black Sunflower Stem Weevil) [adults feed on leaves & stems, larvae bore through petioles & stems; syn. Fallapion occidentale] CG2011; Chrysomelidae: Exema dispar Clk2004, Ophraella communa Clk2004, Trirhabda adela Clk2004, Zygogramma exclamationis (Sunflower Beetle) [adults & larvae feed on foliage] CG2011; Curculionidae: Cylindrocopturus adspersus (Sunflower Stem Weevil) [adults feed on leaves & stems, larvae bore through stems & root crown] CG2011, Smicronyx fulvus (Red Sunflower Seed Weevil) [larvae feed on seeds] CG2011, Smicronyx sordidus (Gray Sunflower Seed Weevil) [larvae feed on seeds] CG2011; Mordellidae: Mordellina pustulata [larvae bore through stems; syn. Mordellistena pustulata] FJ1996 LY2003

Diptera (Flies)
Tephritidae: Neotephritis finalis (Sunflower Seed Maggot) [larvae feed on florets & developing seeds of flowerheads] CG2011, Strauzia longipennis (Sunflower Maggot) [larvae bore through stems] CG2011

Heteroptera (True Bugs)

Miridae: Ilnacora stalii Kn1941

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Uroleucon ambrosiae (Brown Ambrosia Aphid) [possible misidentification of aphid] Pp1965, Uroleucon illini Pp1965; Pseudococcidae: Chnaurococcus trifolii (Clover Root Mealybug) [found on roots, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA & Canada] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Dichomeris juncidella [this leaf-folding moth is found in fields; Loeffler refers to information from Hodges (1986)] Lf1994; Nymphalidae: Chlosyne nycteis (Silvery Checkerspot) OK1984, Vanessa cardui (Painted Lady) [larvae feed on foliage, polyphagous] Crw2004; Pyralidae: Homoeosoma electellum (Sunflower Moth) [larvae feed on flowerheads] CG2011; Tortricidae: Cochylis hospes (Banded Sunflower Moth) [larvae feed on florets & developing seeds, syn. Phtheochroa hospes] CG2011, Suleima helianthana (Sunflower Bud Moth) [larvae feed in leaf axils, flower buds, & receptacles of flowerheads] CG2011