____________


Insects Feeding
on these Plants:

____________


Fraxinus spp.
(Ash) [Oleaceae]
(Observations are from Bouseman & Sternburg, Wagner, Hottes & Frison, Yanega, Marshall, Microleps website, Rider, Covell, Felt, Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Wheeler et al., Watson, Opler & Krizek, Robinson & Bradley, Majka et al., Cranshaw, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Buprestidae: Agrilus planipennis (Emerald Ash Borer) [introduced in N. America from abroad, attacks many species of ashes] Msh2006 Crw2004; Cerambycidae: Calloides nobilis nobilis [larvae bore through bases & stumps of dead & dying trees] Ya1996, Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus (Red-headed Ash Borer) [larvae bore through sapwood] Ya1996 Crw2004, Neoclytus caprea (Banded Ash Borer) [larvae bore through sapwood] Ya1996, Obrium rufulum [larvae bore through dry dead branches] Ya1996, Stenocorus schaumii Ya1996, Tylonotus bimaculatus (Ash & Privet Borer) [larvae bore through wood of both live & dead trees or shrubs] Msh2006 Ya1996; Curculionidae: Lechriops oculata [polyphagous; this insect is found in E & central USA, SE & south-central Canada] MAM2007, Phloeophagus apionides [polyphagous, larvae are found under bark; this insect is found in NE USA & SE Canada] MAM2007, Stenoscelis brevis [polyphagous, larvae are found under bark; this insect is widely distributed] MAM2007; Scolytidae: Hylesinus aculeatus [larvae bore into bark & wood] Msh2006, Xyloterinus politus [this insect is found in NE & north-central USA, & Canada] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura fraxinifolia [larvae found on leaves] Flt1907, Dasineura pellex [larvae form small galls on leaves] Msh2006, Rhizomyia fraxinifolia [larvae infest leaves] Flt1907

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Blepharidopterus provancheri WHM1983, Lygocoris hirticulus Kn1941, Pseudoxenetus regalis Kn1941, Tropidosteptes amoenus (Ash Plant Bug) [found on leaves] Kn1941 WHM1983 Wat1928 Crw2004, Tropidosteptes brooksi [found on leaves] Crw2004,
Tropidosteptes canadensis Kn1941, Tropidosteptes cardinalis [found in moderately moist situations] Kn1941 Wat1928, Tropidosteptes geminus Kn1941, Tropidosteptes glaber Kn1941, Tropidosteptes palmeri Kn1941, Tropidosteptes pettiti Kn1941, Tropidosteptes pubescens Kn1941, Tropidosteptes rufusculus Kn1941, Tropidosteptes vittiscutis Kn1941; Pentatomidae: Brochymena quadripustulata (Four-Humped Stink Bug) [polyphagous] Rid2009; Tingidae: Leptoypha mutica [feeds on foliage] Msh2006

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Prociphilus americanus (Conifer Root Aphid) [found on Ash leaves during the spring, migrating to the roots of conifers during the summer] Crw2004, Prociphilus fraxinifolii (Woolly Ash Aphid) [this aphid lives in rolled or clumped leaflets at the tips of twigs on ash trees that are native to North America, it is also found on the roots of these trees; widely distributed in USA & Canada; syn. Meliarhizophagus fraxinifolii] HF1931 BE2013 RB1965; Diaspididae:
Chionaspis gleditsiae (Honey Locust Scurfy Scale) [this insect occurs in E USA] SN2014, Chionaspis kosztarabi (Ash Scurfy Scale) [this insect is found in E USA as far north as Ohio & Pennsylvania] SN2014, Chionaspis lintneri (Lintner Scurfy Scale) [this insect is found in E USA & SE Canada] SN2014, Diaspidiotus ancylis (Putnam Scale) [found on leaves, sometimes bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014, Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (English Walnut Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014, Diaspidiotus piceus [this insect is found in Missouri, Ohio, & Tennessee] SN2014, Hemiberlesia neodiffinis (False Diffinis Scale) [polyphagous, this insect occurs in E USA] SN2014, Lepidosaphes ulmi (Oystershell Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA, S Canada, & Eurasia] SN2014, Melanaspis tenebricosa (Gloomy Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect occurs in E USA & California] SN2014; Pseudococcidae: Dysmicoccus difficilis [found on trunks; this insect has been found in Maryland, Virginia, & Mississippi] SN2014, Heliococcus osborni (Osborn Mealybug) [polyphagous, mostly found on woody vegetation] SN2014, Trionymus americanus (American Grass Mealybug) [found underneath leaf sheaths on grasses & on foliage for other kinds of vegetation, probably polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Tenthredinidae: Eupareophora parca [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Pachyprotasis rapae [larvae feed on foliage, polyphagous] Sm2006, Tethida barda (Black-headed Ash Sawfly) [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Tomostethus multicinctus (Brown-headed Ash Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves, including those of Fraxinus americana & Fraxinus pennsylvanica] Sm2006 Crw2004; Xyphydriidae: Xiphydria tibialis [larvae bore into small branches, polyphagous] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Apatelodidae: Apatelodes torrefacta (Spotted Apatelodes) [polyphagous] Cv2005 Msh2006, Olceclostera angelica (The Angel) Cv2005; Arctiidae: Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Hyphantria cunea (Fall Webworm) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Lophocampa caryae (Hickory Tussock Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Spilosoma latipennis (Pink-Legged Tiger Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005; Bombycidae: Olceclostera angelica (The Angel) Msh2006 Wg2005; Geometridae: Plagodis kuetzingi (Purple Plagodis) Cv2005, Sicya macularia (Sharp-Lined Yellow) [polyphagous] Cv2005; Gracillariidae: Caloptilia fraxinella [leaf-roller] Mic2010; Lasiocampidae: Tolype velleda (Large Tolype) [polyphagous] Cv2005; Limacodidae: Phobetron pithecium (Hag Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005;
Lycaenidae: Feniseca tarquinius (Harvester) [carnivorous larvae eat woolly aphids on ash] BS2001 OK1984; Noctuidae: Abagrotis alternata (Greater Red Dart) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Acronicta americana (American Dagger Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Adita chionanthi (Fringe Tree Sallow) Cv2005, Catocala piatrix (The Penitent) Cv2005, Copivaleria grotei (Grote's Sallow) Cv2005, Harrisimemna trisignata (Harris' Three-Spot) [polyphagous] Wg2005, Papaipema furcata (Ash Tip Borer Moth) [larvae bore into tips of twigs] Cv2005; Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus (Tiger Swallowtail) [polyphagous] BS2001; Pyralidae: Palpita magniferalis Cv2005; Saturniidae: Callosamia promethea (Promethea Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Citheronia regalis (Regal Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Hyalophora cecropia (Cecropia Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005 Wg2005; Sesiidae: Podosesia aureocincta (Banded Ash Clearwing) [larvae bore into wood] Crw2004, Podosesia syringae (Lilac/Ash Borer Moth) [larvae bore into wood] Crw2004; Sphingidae: Ceratomia undulosa (Waved Sphinx) Cv2005 Wg2005, Manduca jasminearum (Ash Sphinx) Cv2005, Smerinthus jamaicensis (Twin-Spotted Sphinx) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Sphinx chersis (Great Ash Sphinx) Cv2005 Msh2006 Wg2005, Sphinx kalmiae (Fawn Sphinx) Cv2005 Msh2006 Wg2005 
________________________________________________________________________