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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Fraxinus americana
(White Ash) [Oleaceae]
(Observations are from Knight, Hottes & Frison, Clark et al., Rider, Covell, MacRae, Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Blackman & Eastop, Wheeler et al., Watson, Opler & Krizek, Pepper, Majka et al., Cranshaw, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Buprestidae: Agrilus subcinctus Mcr1991; Chrysomelidae: Capraita circumdata [polyphagous] Clk2004, Trichaltica scabricula Clk2004; Curculionidae: Stenoscelis brevis [polyphagous, larvae are found under bark; this insect is widely distributed] MAM2007; Scolytidae: Hylesinus aculeatus (Eastern Ash Bark Beetle) Crw2004, Hylesinus criddlei (Criddle's Bark Beetle) Crw2004

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura pellex [larvae form small spheroid galls along veins of leaflet uppersides] AOS1905

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Tropidosteptes amoenus (Ash Plant Bug) Kn1941, Tropidosteptes canadensis Kn1941,
Tropidosteptes cardinalis [found in moderately moist situations] Kn1941 WHM1983 Wat1928, Tropidosteptes geminus Kn1941 WHM1983, Tropidosteptes glaber Kn1941, Tropidosteptes palmeri Kn1941, Tropidosteptes pettitii Kn1941, Tropidosteptes pubescens Kn1941 WHM1983, Tropidosteptes rufusculus Kn1941, Tropidosteptes vittiscutis Kn1941; Pentatomidae: Brachymena quadripustulata (Four-Humped Stink Bug) Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: 
Prociphilus fraxinifolii (Leafcurl Ash Aphid) [this aphid lives in rolled or clumped leaflets at the tips of twigs on ash trees that are native to North America, it is also found on the roots of these trees; widely distributed in USA & Canada; syn. Meliarhizophagus fraxinifolii] HF1931 Pp1965 Crw2004, Prociphilus pergandei [curls leaflets, found in Illinois] BE2013; Diaspididae: Chionaspis gleditsiae (Honey Locust Scurfy Scale) [this insect occurs in E USA] SN2014, Chionaspis kosztarabi (Ash Scurfy Scale) [this insect is found in E USA as far north as Ohio & Pennsylvania] SN2014, Chionaspis salicis (Willow Scurfy Scale) [found mainly on twigs & branches; this insect is polyphagous, although it prefers Salix spp. & Populus spp.; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014, Lepidosaphes ulmi (Oystershell Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA, S Canada, & Eurasia] SN2014, Melanaspis obscura (Obscure Scale) [found on bark; this insect occurs in E USA & California] SN2014, Melanaspis tenebricosa (Gloomy Scale) [found on bark, polyphagous; this insect occurs in E USA & California] SN2014; Pseudococcidae: Heliococcus osborni (Osborn Mealybug) [polyphagous, mostly found on woody vegetation] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Tenthredinidae: Tethida barda (Black-headed Ash Sawfly) [larvae feed on leaves; syn. Tethida cordigera] Crw2004

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Lycaenidae: Satyrium caryaevorum (Hickory Hairstreak) OK1984; Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus (Tiger Swallowtail) [polyphagous] OK1984; Sesiidae: Podosesia syringae (Lilac/Ash Borer Moth) [larvae bore into wood] Crw2004; Sphingidae: Sphinx franckii (Franck's Sphinx) Cv2005
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