____________


Insects Feeding
on these Plants
:
____________


Desmodium spp.
(Tick Trefoil) [Fabaceae]
(Observations are from Vance, Wagner, Rider, Hottes & Frison, Microlep website, Clark et al., Barnes, Stannard, Milne & Milne, Bouseman et al., MacRae, Miller, Needham et al., Schaefer, Smith, Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Sauer, Opler & Krizek, Pepper, Majka et al., Panzer et al.)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Brentidae: Apion carinatum [this insect is found in E USA & SE Canada, larvae feed on seeds; syn. Coelocephalapion carinatum] MAM2007, Apion decoloratum [larvae feed on seeds, found in savannas, Desmodium canadense is a host plant; syn. Coelocephalapion decoloratum] Sau2005 Pnz2006, Apion reconditum [larvae feed on seeds; syn. Trichapion reconditum] Pnz2006; Buprestidae: Pachyschelus laevigatus [larvae mine leaves, oligophagous] Mcr1991; Chrysomelidae: Anomoea laticlavia Clk2004, Clk2004, Bassareus lituratusColaspis brunnea Clk2004, Cryptocephalus insertus Clk2004, Odontota dorsalis Clk2004, Pachybrachis othonus Clk2004, Phyllecthris dorsalis
Clk2004, Saxinis omogera Clk2004

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Choristoneura hamata [larvae form stem galls] Flt1917, Clinodiplosis meibomiifoliae [larvae form bud galls] Flt1917, Dasineura meibomiae [larvae form fusiform bud galls] Flt1917, Neolasioptera desmodii [larvae form ovoid stem galls] Flt1917

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Aphis glycines (Soybean Aphid) [found on Rhamnus spp. as primary hosts, migrating during the summer to the stems & leaf undersides of soybean & other herbivorous plants in the Fabaceae; soybean is the preferred secondary host; this aphid was introduced from E Asia into North America, including Illinois] BE2013, Microparsus desmodiorum [found on terminals & developing seedpods, causing no distortion of growth; distributed in E USA, including North Carolina] BE2013 Pp1965, Microparsus olivei [found on leaves & terminals, causing some curling; distributed in E USA, including Illinois] BE2013, Microparsus variabilis [tightly curls leaves, this aphid is distributed in E USA] HF1931 BE2013

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Alydidae: Megalotomus quinquespinosus [feeds on seeds] Sch1980; Pentatomidae: Holcostethus limbolarius Rid2009

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Argidae: Atomacera debilis [larvae feed on leaves] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Choreutidae: Brenthia pavonacella [larvae skeletonize leaves, found in woodlands] Mic2010; Gracillariidae: Caloptilia violacella [leaf-roller, found in open areas] Mic2010 Ndm1928, Parectopa lespedezaefoliella [larvae are leaf-miners] Ndm1928, Parectopa robiniella (Locust Digitate Leafminer) Ndm1928, Porphyrosela desmodiella [larvae are tentiform leaf-miners] Mic2010; Hesperiidae: Achalarus lyciades (Hoary Edge) Bou2006 Wg2005 OK1984, Epargyreus clarus (Silver-spotted Skipper) Bar1999 MM1988 OK1984, Thorybes bathyllus (Southern Cloudywing) Bar1999 Bou2006 OK1984, Thorybes pylades
(Northern Cloudywing) [preferred host plants] Bar1999 Bou2006 Wg2005 OK1984, Urbanus dorantes (Dorantes Skipper) Bou2006, Urbanus proteus (Long-tailed Skipper) Wg2005 OK1984; Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas (Eastern Tailed Blue) Bar1999 Wg2005 OK1984, Strymon melinus (Gray Hairstreak) [larvae feed on flowers & developing seedpods] Bar1999 OK1984; Tortricidae: Grapholita fana (Chesire Cat Moth) [larvae feed in buds & flowers] Mlr1987

Thysanoptera (Thrips)
Thripidae: Echinothrips americanus [found on foliage, observed in IL] Van1974, Neohydatothrips desmodianus (Tick Trefoil Thrips) [oligophagous] St1968

________________________________________________________________________