Insects Feeding
on this Plant:


Dactylis glomerata
(Orchard Grass) [Poaceae]
(Observations are from Barnes, Clark et al., Wagner, Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta., Knight, Covell, Needham et al., Blackman & Eastop, Watson, Hamilton, Gangwere, Vickery & Kevan, Opler & Krizek, Pepper, Robinson & Bradley, Spencer & Steyskal, Majka et al., Wilbur, Natural History Museum, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Chaetocnema denticulata Clk2004, Chaetocnema pulicaria Clk2004, Oulema melanopus Clk2004; Curculionidae: Polydrusus cervinus [polyphagous; adults feed on leaves of trees, larvae feed on roots of grasses & other plants; this Eurasian insect is found in NE USA & SE Canada] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Cerodontha dorsalis (Grass Sheath Miner) [larvae are leaf-miners, pupating in leaf sheaths; widespread] Ndm1928 SS1986, Cerodontha muscina [larvae are leaf-miners; widespread] SS1986, Cerodontha pygmaea [larvae are leaf-miners; found in New York & Canada] SS1986

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Stenotus binotatus (Two-Spotted Grass Bug) [found in meadows, intro. into N. America from Europe] Kn1941 Wat1928

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Atheroides serrulatus [feeds on leaves of various grasses; found in Quebec, introduced from Europe] BE2013, Carolinaia rhois [found on leaf undersides of sumac, migrating during the summer to the inflorescences of various grasses] BE2013, Forda formicaria [feeds on roots of grasses; found in Illinois, this aphid was introduced from Eurasia] BE2013, Forda marginata [feeds on roots of grasses; found in Wisconsin, this aphid was introduced from Eurasia] BE2013, Hyalopteroides humilis (Orchard Grass Aphid) [found on upper sides of leaves; Orchard Grass is the preferred host, this aphid is rarely found on other grasses; introduced from Europe into North America, including Illinois] BE2013 Pp1965, Metopolophium dirhodum (Rose-Grass Aphid) [found on roses, this aphid migrates during the summer to various grasses, including some sedges & rushes] BE2013, Rhopalosiphoninus solani [found on tomato plants, this aphid may also feed on the roots of some grasses; widely distributed in North America] BE2013, Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae (Apple-Grass Aphid) [curls young leaves of various trees & shrubs in the Rosaceae, migrating during the summer to the roots of various grasses; found in north-central & NE USA, including Illinois] BE2013, Schizaphis graminum (Greenbug) RB1965, Sitobion avenae (English Grain Aphid) [found on grasses & various other plants; widely distributed in North America, including Illinois] BE2013, Tetraneura ulmi (Elm & Grass Root Aphid) [forms stalked sack-shaped galls on upper surfaces of elm leaves, migrating during the summer to the roots of various grasses; distributed in north-central USA, NE USA, and Canada; this aphid was introduced from Eurasia] BE2013, Utamphorophora humboldti [found on Ninebark shrubs, migrating during the summer to the leaf blades & inflorescences of various grasses; found in SE Canada] BE2013; Cercopidae:
Neophilaenus lineatus (Lined Spittlebug) [host plant of both nymphs & adults] Hm1982; Cicadellidae: Endria inimica (Painted Leafhopper) Wlb1954; Pseudococcidae: Dysmicoccus junceus (Juncus Mealybug) [feeds on roots; this insect is widely distributed in NE & north-central USA] SN2014, Heterococcus nudus (Naked Grass Mealybug) [found on the crown & underneath leaf sheaths of host plants; this insect is widely distributed in northern USA & California] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Hesperiidae: Thymelicus lineola (European Skipper) Wg2005 NHM2010;
Noctuidae: Dargida diffusa (Wheathead Armyworm) NHM2010, Hydraecia immanis (Hope Vine Borer) [young instars bore through stems] NHM2010, Leucania adjuta (Adjutant Wainscot) NHM2010, Leucania commoides (Comma Wainscot) NHM2010, Leucania inermis (Unarmed Wainscot) Cv2005 NHM2010, Leucania insueta (Heterodox Wainscot) NHM2010, Leucania linita (Linen Wainscot) NHM2010, Leucania multilinea (Many-lined Wainscot) Cv2005 NHM2010, Leucania phragmitidicola (Phragmites Wainscot) NHM2010, Leucania pseudarygria (False Wainscot) NHM2010, Leucania scirpicola (Scirpus Wainscot) [this insect is found primarily in SE USA] NHM2010, Mythimna oxygala (Lesser Wainscot) [syn. Aletia oxygala] NHM2010, Mythimna unipuncta (True Armyworm) [syn. Pseudaletia unipuncta] NHM2010, Papaipema nebris (Stalk Borer Moth) [larvae bore through stems, polyphagous] NHM2010; Nymphalidae: Megisto cymela (Little Wood Nymph) Bar1999 Wg2005 OK1984 NHM2010; Pyralidae: Chrysoteuchia topiaria (Topiary Grass-veneer Moth) NHM2010, Fissicrambus mutabilis (Changeable Grass-veneer Moth) NHM2010

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Arphia pseudonietana (Red-winged Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Arphia sulphurea (Sulphur-winged Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Chloealtis conspersa (Spinkled Grasshopper) [lab & field observations; this grasshopper is found at edges of open woods, hilly areas, & thickets] Ggw1961 VK1985, Chorthippus curtipennis (Meadow Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Chortophaga viridifasciata (Green-striped Grasshopper) [feeds on leaves, both field & lab observations] Wy1994 Ggw1961, Encoptolophus sordidus (Clouded Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Melanoplus femurrubrum (Red-legged Grasshopper) [feeds on leaves, both field & lab observations] Ggw1961, Melanoplus scudderi (Scudder's Short-winged Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Schistocerca lineata (Spotted Bird Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Spharagemon bolli (Boll's Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961, Syrbula admirabilis (Admirable Grasshopper) [lab observations] Ggw1961; Tettigoniidae: Atlanticus testaceus (Protean Shieldback) [feeds on leaves & flowers, although not preferred as sources of food; lab observations] Ggw1967