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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Cirsium vulgare
(Bull Thistle) [Asteraceae]
(Observations are from Dennis, Hottes & Frison, Clark et al., Covell, Ford & Jackman, Natural History Museum, and Wilhelm & Rericha)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Cassida rubiginosa [larvae feed on foliage] Clk2004 WR2017; Mordellidae: Mordellistena aethiops [larvae bore through stems] FJ1996, Mordellistena pustulata [larvae bore through stems] FJ1996

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Aphis helianthi HF1931, Aphis rumicis [polyphagous] HF1931, Brachycaudus cardui [sucks plant sap from upper stems & leaves] HF1931 WR2017, Capitophorus flaveola HF1931; Membracidae: Entylia bactriana [polyphagous] Den1952, Pubilia concava [polyphagous] Den1952, Stictocephala diceros [polyphagous] Den1952

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, Ants, & Sawflies)
Formicidae: Crematogaster cerasi [feeds on honeydew secreted by the aphid, Brachycaudus cardui, when it feeds on this thistle] WR2017, Formica pallidefulva
[feeds on honeydew secreted by the aphid, Brachycaudus cardui, when it feeds on this thistle] WR2017, Tapinoma sessile [feeds on honeydew secreted by the aphid, Brachycaudus cardui, when it feeds on this thistle] WR2017, Tetramorium caespitum [feeds on honeydew secreted by the aphid, Brachycaudus cardui, when it feeds on this thistle] WR2017

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Cosmopterigidae: Walshia miscecolorella (Sweet Clover Root Borer) [larvae bore through stems & roots] Cv2005; Noctuidae: Peridroma saucia (Variegated Cutworm) [polyphagous] NHM2010; Nymphalidae: Vanessa cardui (Painted Lady) [polyphagous] NHM2010; Pyralidae: Pyrausta subsequalis (Thistle Snout Moth) NHM2010; Pterophoridae: Platyptilia carduidactyla (Artichoke Plume Moth) [larvae feed on foliage & young flowerheads] NHM2010 

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