Insects Feeding
on this Plant:


Cichorium intybus
(Chicory) [Asteraceae]
(Observations are from Marshall, Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta., Wagner, Needham et al., Blackman & Eastop, Gangwere, Pepper, Spencer & Steyskal, Natural History Museum, Sudbrink & Grant, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)

Languriidae: Acropteroxys gracilis [larvae bore through stems] Msh2006

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Liriomyza endiviae [probable host plant; found in Maryland] SS1986, Liriomyza pusilla [leaf-miner, polyphagous] Ndm1928

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Nasonovia ribisnigri (Currant-Lettuce Aphid) [found at shoot tips of Ribes spp., curling young leaves during the spring; migrating to various herbaceous plants in the Asteraceae & other plant families during the summer; this aphid is distributed in NE USA, north-central USA, & Canada, including Illinois] BE2013 Pp1965, Pemphigus bursarius (Poplar-Lettuce Aphid) [forms yellowish or reddish galls on petioles of poplar leaves, migrating to the roots of various herbaceous plants in the Asteraceae during the summer; this aphid is distributed in NE & north-central USA] BE2013, Prociphilus erigeronensis [found on the roots of many herbaceous plants in the Asteraceae & other plant families, widely distributed in the USA & Canada] BE2013, Uroleucon ambrosiae (Ragweed Aphid) [found on flowering stems of ragweed & possibly other plants in the Asteraceae; observations of this aphid on plants other than ragweed may involve misidentifications; distributed in E USA & N USA] BE2013, Uroleucon pseudambrosiae (False Ambrosia Aphid) Pp1965, Uroleucon sonchi (Sow-Thistle Aphid) [Sonchus spp. are preferred host plants; distributed in NE USA & SE Canada, including Illinois] BE2013; Pseudococcidae:
Phenacoccus solenopsis (Solenopsis Mealybug) [feeds on foliage & sometimes roots, polyphagous; widespread] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Noctuidae: Agrotis ipsilon (Ipsilon Dart) [polyphagous] NHM2010,
Heliothis virescens (Tobacco Budworm) [polyphagous] SG1995, Lacinipolia renigera (Bristly Cutworm) [polyphagous] NHM2010, Mythimna oxygala (Lesser Wainscot) [syn. Aletia oxygala] NHM2010, Ochropleura implecta (Flame-shouldered Dart) NHM2010, Pyrrhia exprimens (Purple-lined Sallow) [polyphagous, larvae prefer to feed on flowers, buds, & fruit] Wg2005, Xestia c-nigrum (Lesser Black-letter Dart) [polyphagous] NHM2010

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Melanoplus bivittatus (Two-Striped Grasshopper) Wy1994, Melanoplus femurrubrum (Red-Legged Grasshopper) [feeds on flowerheads, field observations] Wy1994 Ggw1961