Insects Feeding
on this Plant

Cephalanthus occidentalis
(Buttonbush) [Rubiaceae]
(Observations are from Thomas, Clark et al., Marshall, Microleps website, Knight, Hottes & Frison, Wagner, Covell, Needham et al., Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Watson, Harms & Grodowitz, Pepper, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Chrysomelidae: Calligrapha cephalanthi Clk2004; Curculionidae: Plocetes ulmi [larvae feed on reproductive structures, probably monophagous or oligophagous; distributed in E. USA & SE Canada] HG2009

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Rabdophaga cephalanthi (Buttonbush Gall Midge) [larvae form galls on young twigs & shoots] Flt1917

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Neurocolpus nubilus (Clouded Plant Bug) [found in rather moist situations] Kn1941 Wat1928

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Aphis cephalanthi [found on young leaves, stems, & flowerheads; observed in Illinois] HF1931 Th1877
BE2013 Pp1965; Diaspididae: Diaspidiotus ancylis (Putnam Scale) [found on leaves, sometimes bark, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in the USA] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Momphidae: Mompha cephalanthiella (Buttonbush Leafminer) [larvae are blotch leaf-miners] Mic2010 Ndm1928, Mompha solomoni [1st generation bores into shoots, later generations are blotch leaf-miners] Mic2010; Noctuidae: Eudyras grata (Beautiful Wood Nymph) Cv2005, Harrisimemna trisignata (Harris' Three-Spot) [polyphagous] Wg2005, Simyra insularis (Henry's Marsh Moth) [syn. Simyra henrici, larvae feed on leaves, polyphagous] HG2009; Saturniidae: Callosamia promethea (Promethea Moth) Wg2005; Sphingidae: Darapsa versicolor (Buttonbush Sphinx, Hydrangea Sphinx) Cv2005 Msh2006 Wg2005

Prostigmata (Prostigmatic Mites)
Eriophyidae: Aceria cephalanthi (Buttonbush Mite) [forms clusters of small hairy galls on leaves] Flt1917