Insects Feeding
on these Plants:


Agropyron spp.
(Wheatgrass) [Poaceae]
(Some wheatgrasses have been assigned to Elytrigia and Elymus. Observations are from Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta., Needham et al., Felt, Blackman & Eastop, Vickery & Kevan, Pepper, Spencer & Steyskal, Natural History Museum, ScaleNet)

Diptera (Flies)
Agromyzidae: Cerodontha inconspicua [leaf-miner] Ndm1928, Cerodontha pygmaea [larvae are leaf-miners; found in New York & Canada] SS1986; Cecidomyiidae: Mayetiola destructor (Hessian Fly) [larvae are found under leaf sheaths] Flt1917

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Forda formicaria [feeds on grass roots; found in Illinois, this aphid was introduced from Eurasia] BE2013, Forda marginata [feeds on grass roots; found in Wisconsin, this aphid was introduced from Eurasia] BE2013, Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae (Apple-Grass Aphid) [curls young leaves of various shrubs & trees in the Rosaceae, migrating to the roots of grasses during the summer; found in north-central & NE USA] BE2013, Sipha elegans [found on upper sides of grass leaves, often causing them to roll upward & develop yellow patches; this aphid is abundant in Illinois, it is also found in Eurasia] BE2013 Pp1965, Tetraneura ulmi (Elm & Grass Root Aphid) [forms stalked sack-shaped galls on upper surfaces of elm leaves, migrating to the roots of various grasses during the summer; this aphid was introduced into North America from Eurasia] BE2013;
Pseudococcidae: Chorizococcus rostellum (Bermuda Grass Mealybug) [feeds mostly on roots; this insect is found in SE USA as far north as Maryland & Tennessee] SN2014, Heterococcus arenae (Sand Mealybug) [found underneath leaf sheaths; this insect is more common in western USA, although it also occurs in Missouri & New Jersey] SN2014, Heterococcus nudus (Naked Grass Mealybug) [found on the crown & underneath leaf sheaths of host plants; this insect is widely distributed in northern USA & California] SN2014, Trionymus americanus (American Grass Mealybug) [found underneath leaf sheaths on grasses & on foliage for other kinds of vegetation, probably polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Cephidae: Cephus cinctus (Grass-Stem Sawfly) [larvae bore through stems] Flt1917; Eurytomidae: Tetramesa hageni [larvae bore through stems] Flt1917

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Noctuidae: Dargida diffusa (Wheathead Armyworm) NHM2010, Leucania pseaudargyria (False Wainscot) NHM2010, Papaipema nebris (Stalk Borer Moth) [polyphagous] NHM2010

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)

Acrididae: Arphia conspersa (Speckle-winged Grasshopper) [this grasshopper is found open areas, often sandy or gravelly] VK1985, Chloealtis abdominalis (Thomas' Broad-winged Grasshopper) [found in open wooded areas, dry slopes, & grassy areas] VK1985, Dissosteira carolina (Carolina Grasshopper) Wy1994, Mermiria bivittata (Two-striped Mermiria Grasshopper) [this grasshopper is found in open eroded areas] VK1985