Insects Feeding
on these Plants:


Abies spp.
(Fir) [Pinaceae]
(Observations are from Yanega, Wagner, Covell, Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Miller, Majka et al., Cranshaw, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)

Cerambycidae: Monochamus marmorator (Balsam Fir Sawyer) [larvae bore through wood of dead & dying trees] Ya1996, Monochamus titillator (Southern Pine Sawyer) [larvae bore through wood of dead & dying trees] Ya1996, Phymatodes maculicollis [larvae found under bark] Ya1996, Semanotus litigiosus (Fir Tree Borer) Ya1996, Spondylis upiformis [larvae probably feed on roots] Ya1996, Tetropium velutinum [larvae found under bark of living trees] Ya1996, Trachysida aspera brevifrons Ya1996, Xylotrechus integer Ya1996; Scolytidae: Crypturgus borealis [found in N USA & Canada] MAM2007, Dryocoetes autographus (Hairy Spruce Bark Beetle) [found in N USA & Canada] MAM2007

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Adelgidae: Adelges piceae (Balsam Woolly Adelgid) BE2013; Aphididae: Cinara curvipes (Balsam Fir Aphid) [found on trunks & branches] BE2013, Prociphilus americanus [fir trees are summer hosts, this aphid feeds on their roots] Crw2004; Diaspididae:
Chionaspis heterophyllae (Pine Scurfy Scale) [found on needles; this insect occurs in E USA, along the Pacific Coast of the USA, & Canada] SN2014, Chionaspis pinifoliae (Pine Needle Scale) [found on needles; this insect is widely distributed throughout the USA] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Pamphiliidae: Acantholyda maculiventris [larvae form webs over leaves] Sm2006; Siricidae: Urocerus albicornis [larvae bore into wood] Sm2006, Urocerus cressoni [larvae bore into wood]

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Geometridae: Eufidonia notataria (Powder Moth) Cv2005, Iridopsis vellivolata (Large Purplish Gray) [syn. Anacamptodes vellivolata] Cv2005 Wg2005, Lambina fiscellaria (Hemlock Looper) Cv2005, Protoboarmia porcelaria (Porcelain Gray] [polyphagous] Cv2005; Noctuidae: Anomoygna badicollis (Northern Variable Dart) [larvae feed on young trees] Cv2005, Elaphria versicolor (Variegated Midget) Cv2005, Feralia comstocki (Comstock's Sallow) Cv2005, Feralia jocosa (Jocose Sallow) Cv2005, Palthis angulalis (Dark-Spotted Palthis) [polyphagous] Cv2005; Pantheidae: Panthea acronyctoides (Black Zigzag) Wg2005; Tortricidae: Eucosma tocullionana (White Pine Cone Borer Moth) [larvae feed in cones] Mlr1987, Zeiraphera fortunana (Yellow Spruce Budworm) [larvae feed progressively on buds & needles; this moth is found NE of Illinois] Mlr1987, Zeiraphera unfortunana (Purple-striped Shootworm) [this moth is found NE of Illinois] Mlr1987