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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Abies balsamea
(Balsam Fir) [Pinaceae]
(Observations are from Covell, Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Blackman & Eastop, Miller, Robinson & Bradley, Majka et al., Cranshaw, ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Curculionidae: Pissodes striatulus (Balsam Bark Weevil) [found in N USA & S Canada] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura balsamicola (Introduced False Balsam Gall Midge) [forms swellings at leaf bases] AOS1905

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Adelgidae: Adelges piceae (Balsam Woolly Adelgid) BE2013 Crw2004; Aphididae: Cinara confinis (Black-stem Aphid) RB1965, Cinara curvipes (Balsam Fir Aphid) [found on trunks & branches] BE2013 RB1965, Mindarus abietinus (Balsam Twig Aphid) RB1965 Crw2004, Mindarus pinicolus [found in North Carolina & Canada] BE2013; Diaspididae: Chionaspis heterophyllae (Pine Scurfy Scale) [found on needles; this insect occurs in E USA, along the Pacific Coast of the USA, & Canada] SN2014,
Chionaspis pinifoliae (Pine Needle Scale) [found on needles; this insect is widely distributed throughout the USA] SN2014

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)

Geometridae: Pero morrisonaria (Morrison's Pero) [found in northern IL] Cv2005; Tortricidae: Barbara mappana [larvae feed in cones] Mlr1987, Epinotia radicana (Red-striped Needleworm) [larvae feed on foliage; this moth is found in NE USA & SE Canada] Mlr1987, Zeiraphera canadensis (Spruce Budworm) [larvae feed on buds & needles] Mlr1987
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